Terroir (…and terroirism)

Terroir of west Istria is probably the most peculiar in entire Croatia.

All of the crucial three elements; soil, climate and local man (local culture) meet there in all the contrasts and characters thus bringing unique results.

No wonder western Istra is a home to some of the most accomplished and individual of Croatian wines. It’s vineyards grow on four soil types, hence the name of Wines Cattunar’s most important project “Četiri zemlje” (Four Soils). The most typical and known soil types are crljenica (terra rossa) and crnica.

Istrian crljenica is an important element of istrian traditional identity but the wines it gives are not necessarily the most impressive. Juxtaposition of western Istrian hills and sea contributes to forming of number of local microclimates that produce relatively good outcomes even in the risky vintages.

As a very rainy vintage, 2014. was one of the most callenging in recent history but strong wind that blows in Cattunar’s vineyards above Brtonigla, helped malvasia ripen almost perfectly, even saved grapes from typical rainy years’ rotting.

It is important to point out here that malvasia that is grown here for centuries endured the difficult harvest of 2014. much better than international varieties. A point more for terroirism. The local variety grows best on it’s own soil, and in microclimates that it had adapted to during a long period of time.

The third element of terroir we firmly believe in, even if it’s often disputed, is man. We believe that local cultural and work traditions together with local habits, strongly influence the approach to viticulture and winemaking in these vinegrowing areas, giving the most prominent characteristics to wines of a certain terroir. Western Istra is especially rich in that respect. Long and harmonious Italo-Croatian coexistence in this region is the reason for successful interplay of two close but different cultures. This interleaving defines absolutely all products of Istria, tourism to gastronomy to wine.

Thanks to its three distinct elements (soil, microclimate and culture), terroir of western Istria year by year successfully sprouts absolutely unique, distinctive and, allow us a little bragging here, precious wines, not least in Croatia. Istrian malvasias are our gift to Europe and the world.

Terroir (…and terroirism)

Terroir of west Istria is probably the most peculiar in entire Croatia.

All of the crucial three elements; soil, climate and local man (local culture) meet there in all the contrasts and characters thus bringing unique results.

No wonder western Istra is a home to some of the most accomplished and individual of Croatian wines. It’s vineyards grow on four soil types, hence the name of Wines Cattunar’s most important project “Četiri zemlje” (Four Soils). The most typical and known soil types are crljenica (terra rossa) and crnica.

Istrian crljenica is an important element of istrian traditional identity but the wines it gives are not necessarily the most impressive. Juxtaposition of western Istrian hills and sea contributes to forming of number of local microclimates that produce relatively good outcomes even in the risky vintages.

As a very rainy vintage, 2014. was one of the most callenging in recent history but strong wind that blows in Cattunar’s vineyards above Brtonigla, helped malvasia ripen almost perfectly, even saved grapes from typical rainy years’ rotting.

It is important to point out here that malvasia that is grown here for centuries endured the difficult harvest of 2014. much better than international varieties. A point more for terroirism. The local variety grows best on it’s own soil, and in microclimates that it had adapted to during a long period of time.

The third element of terroir we firmly believe in, even if it’s often disputed, is man. We believe that local cultural and work traditions together with local habits, strongly influence the approach to viticulture and winemaking in these vinegrowing areas, giving the most prominent characteristics to wines of a certain terroir. Western Istra is especially rich in that respect. Long and harmonious Italo-Croatian coexistence in this region is the reason for successful interplay of two close but different cultures. This interleaving defines absolutely all products of Istria, tourism to gastronomy to wine.

Thanks to its three distinct elements (soil, microclimate and culture), terroir of western Istria year by year successfully sprouts absolutely unique, distinctive and, allow us a little bragging here, precious wines, not least in Croatia. Istrian malvasias are our gift to Europe and the world.

 

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